Why was Vermont a country?


As a Traveling Chef, I have the opportunity to explore different regions and learn about their unique histories. One fascinating aspect of history that I recently discovered is the independent republic of Vermont, which existed between 1777 and 1791, before it became a U.S. state. The story of Vermont’s independence is intertwined with disputes over land claims and the Revolutionary War.

Before Vermont became a state, it was a disputed territory claimed by both New Hampshire and New York. The conflict over land ownership between these two neighboring states was the catalyst for Vermont’s quest for independence. New York claimed Vermont’s land as its own, leading to tensions and disputes between the settlers and the government.

In response to New York’s claim, Vermont declared its independence from both Great Britain and New York in 1777, during the American Revolution. The Vermont Republic, also known as the State of Vermont, was born. However, it faced challenges in gaining recognition from the Continental Congress, which refused to acknowledge its independence.

Despite the lack of recognition, Vermont operated as an independent republic for 14 years. It had its own constitution, currency, postal service, and even a military. The Vermont Republic was a self-governing entity, separate from both British rule and the emerging United States.

Finally, in 1791, after 14 years of independence, Vermont was admitted as the 14th state of the United States. Its admission served as a counterweight to slaveholding Kentucky, which was admitted the following year. Vermont’s unique history as an independent republic before becoming a state sets it apart from the original thirteen colonies and showcases its resilience and determination.


1. Why did Vermont declare independence from New York and Great Britain?
– Vermont declared independence due to a land dispute with New York and the desire for self-governance.

2. How long was Vermont an independent republic?
– Vermont was an independent republic for 14 years, from 1777 to 1791.

3. Did Vermont have its own constitution and currency?
– Yes, the Vermont Republic had its own constitution, currency, postal service, and military.

4. Why did it take Vermont 14 years to become a state?
– Vermont faced challenges in gaining recognition from the Continental Congress, which delayed its admission as a state.

5. How did Vermont’s admission as a state affect the balance of power?
– Vermont’s admission as the 14th state served as a counterweight to slaveholding Kentucky.

6. Was Vermont’s independence recognized by other countries?
– Great Britain and the Continental Congress did not recognize Vermont’s independence as a separate country.

7. How did Vermont’s independence shape its identity as a state?
– Vermont’s history as an independent republic showcases its determination for self-governance and sets it apart from other states.

8. What impact did Vermont’s independence have on its development?
– Vermont’s independence allowed it to develop its own institutions and governance system before joining the United States.

As a Traveling Chef, I find it fascinating to explore the historical background of the places I visit. Vermont’s unique journey from an independent republic to a state highlights the importance of understanding the historical context of a region. This knowledge enhances my appreciation for the cultural and culinary diversity that I encounter in my travels.

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