Home » How To Become » What Does a Mathematician Do? (2023 Guide)

What Does a Mathematician Do? (2023 Guide)

The Main Types Of Mathematicians

Do you have a love for numbers and using them to solve problems? 

If that sounds interesting, working as a Mathematician could be perfect for you. This involves interpreting mathematical data for scientific studies or corporations. Mathematics is one of the oldest sciences and can be applied to work in a wide range of ways. To master this field, you will need to dedicate several years to extensive study and training. 

So, let’s find out, ‘what does a Mathematician do?’

Take a Look ↓↓↓

The Main Types Of Mathematicians

The Main Types Of Mathematicians

There are several different areas you can choose to specialize in. Each of these areas requires specialist skills and comes with its own set of duties and responsibilities. Let’s take a look at the main types of mathematicians and what these fields involve. 

Theoretical Mathematics

This specialization involves developing new principles to increase basic knowledge. It generally involves spending a lot of time thinking about the way numbers connect and how they can be manipulated. Once principles and theories have been developed, they have to be tested while following set protocols. 

Applied Mathematics

This field involves using mathematics to solve real problems in the area of industry, engineering, and government. It involves taking a problem and breaking it into several parts and then reducing them into various elements. Computational methods and mathematical modeling are applied to each area of the problem to try and solve it. 

Pure Mathematics

This specialization focuses on studying abstract concepts in detail. While similar to theoretical mathematics, it also takes real-world application into account. In addition to drawing on techniques and tools, experts in this field often utilize social and natural phenomena.  

Mathematics Teachers

Mathematics Teachers

Many people who choose this career are engaging in teaching mathematics on a certain level. Becoming a professor allows you to teach mathematics courses at a university and supervise graduate and undergraduate research. You could also serve on an academic committee if you choose this route. 


Many Mathematicians are employed by companies to consult on projects for corporations. This can include working for insurance companies and analyzing data to estimate the likelihood of certain types of events. This can include injury, sickness, loss of property, and even death.

Other consultants use their skills to calculate the cost and risk of certain projects. This can help companies determine the best investments to make to maximize their revenue. While most consultants work for a particular company, some work in a freelance capacity. 

What Does A Mathematician Do? – Essential Skills

Understandably, you need to have an advanced understanding of mathematics to do this job. However, you also need to develop a set of hard and soft skills to accompany this expertise. Here are the key skills and attributes a successful Mathematician should possess

Analytical skills

You need to be comfortable spending hours at a time analyzing large amounts of data. While you do this, you will usually be looking for trends and patterns. Associated skills include data analysis and the ability to translate data. 

Attention to detail

Research and analysis

You need to be able to recognize discrepancies in data. Even the tiniest misplaced point or number can throw your data out of balance. You need to be able to focus on the data without becoming distracted. 

Communication skills

You will need to be able to explain complex concepts clearly and simply. This will be especially important if you decide to teach mathematics. You will often write reports to explain your findings and express new theories and ideas. 

Software skills

You will often work with specialist software and programs during your daily tasks. These programs are used to analyze and present data. It is essential to have at least a basic understanding of computer software. 

The Work Environment

Your work environment will depend on the industry you choose to work in. There are several different types of industries that employ professional Mathematicians full-time or as consultants. Here are some of the main industries you could choose to work for.


Mathematicians are hired to work at all levels of education, from high school through to university. This is usually a full-time role that includes imparting knowledge in a classroom setting or research lab. There are also roles for mathematics professors and teachers on education and research teams. 


You could choose to work in a construction or industrial environment. This is usually a full-time role that requires an OSHO safety certificate to qualify. Mathematicians are hired to check calculations and determine the effectiveness of different work. 

Data Science

As the name suggests, this role mainly involves working with large amounts of data. It is usually a full-time role that takes place in an office setting. Data scientists work with computer software to read and analyze data for government agencies and corporations. 


This is another office job that involves analyzing data in an office setting. The main focus is likely to be analyzing financial data to create financial plans and budgets. People who work in this sector often work as part of a team and may be charged with drafting financial documents. 

Education And Training Requirements

It is necessary to have a strong foundation in mathematics before graduating from high school. Most jobs in this field require at least a bachelor’s degree. If you are planning to teach at a university, you will also need to earn a Ph.D. and complete other requirements. 

You will need to complete a bachelor’s degree in mathematics or data analysis. After completing the four-year course, you will take the graduate record examination. This exam will test your reasoning skills in several different areas.

A Doctorate will take you far…

After gaining a bachelor’s degree, you can enroll in a master’s program and then work on your Ph.D. earning a master’s degree shows that you are an expert in a particular field. While a Ph.D. is not required for all jobs, it allows you to teach at a university and lead research programs. 



After gaining an advanced degree, you will be ready to secure an entry-level job. You will usually receive industry-specific training when you start work. This additional training can take anything from a few weeks to several months. 

Professional Organizations

Joining a professional organization is the perfect way to take your career to the next level. You can make valuable connections and learn about potential career opportunities. Here are some of the main professional associations and societies that are open to members. 

American Mathematical Society 

This society was founded in 1888 and boasts around 30,000 members around the world. The main mission of the American Mathematical Society is to promote mathematical research and foster excellence in mathematics education. Several conferences and other events are held throughout the year, while the society also publishes and promotes papers. 

Association for Women in Mathematics 

If you are a woman, you will know how tough it can be to advance your career. This non-profit Association for Women in Mathematics is dedicated to providing female mathematicians with the support and encouragement that they need.

Casualty Actuarial Society 

This organization is dedicated to advancing knowledge of actuary science that is applied to property. Members gain access to the latest research materials and studies. There are also opportunities to make connections through conferences and mixers. 

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics 

This is a nonprofit professional association that was established to improve mathematics education for students in the United States and Canada. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics boasts more than 120,000 members. This is the perfect organization to join if you are interested in a career in teaching. 

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 

Joining this professional organization gives you access to the AMS-SIAM Mathematics Careers Bulletin Board. This is the perfect place to find your first job as well as more advanced roles. There is also a dedicated careers section on the society website, where you can gain valuable information. 

Get That Resume Ready!

You need an impeccable CV to stand out from the crowd when applying for your position. So, take a look at the following guides such as the Best Resume Introduction Examples, the top Resume Accomplishments Examples, as well as How to Tailor Your Resume to a Specific Job Description, and the Best Font for a Resume.

Furthermore, we also cover How to List Cum Laude on a Resume, the Top Hard Skills to Put on a Resume, and how to list Work Experience on a ResumeHow Long Should A Resume Be, and the Most Important Skills To Put On A Resume in 2023.

If you’re still unsure and need more guidance, check out the Best Professional Resume Writing Services, along with the Best Free Resume Builders, for your top tips.

What Does A Mathematician Do? – Final Thoughts

Becoming a Mathematician can be a rich and varied career. Because this skill is used in a wide range of industries, you can choose the field you want to work in. It is best to choose your specialization as early as possible and work toward gaining the necessary skills.

While it can take several years to become qualified, your hard work will eventually pay off. The average salary for this type of role is around $90,000 per year. Specializing in analysis and financial data can boost your earning potential considerably.

So, what are you waiting for? Go crunch those numbers!

5/5 - (34 votes)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

About Robert A. Casey

Robert works with his girlfriend at a busy LA actors agency, where he secures roles for a number of B-list and a few A-list celebrities. His knowledge and connections within the film and TV industry are very impressive, and he loves sharing his experiences with all our readers on the site.

He lives in Studio City with his girlfriend Rachael, and his cat, Gerald.  

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top